IPCC PAPER Info. Techn. & Strategic Manag.G2

IPCC PAPER Info. Techn. & Strategic Manag.G2

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Group II
Paper 7 : Information Technology and Strategic Management
[One paper: Three Hours – 100 marks]

Level of knowledged:

Working knowledge.

Section A: Information Technology ( 50 Marks)


To develop an understanding of Information Technology and its use by the business as facilitator and driver.


1. Introduction to Computers
(a) Computer hardware
  Classification of computers – personal computer, workstation, servers and super computers
Computer components – CPU, input output devices, storage devices
(b) BUS, I/O CO processors, ports (serial, parallel, USB ports), expansion slots, add on cards, on board chips, LAN cards, multi media cards, cache memory, buffers, controllers and drivers
(c) Computer software
  Systems software – operating system, translators (compilers, interpreters and assemblers), system utilities
  General purpose software/ utilities - word processor, spread sheet, DBMS, scheduler / planner, internet browser and e-mail clients
  Application software – financial accounting, payroll, inventory
  Specialised systems – Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP), artificial intelligence, expert systems, decision support systems – an overview
2. Data Storage, Retrievals and Data Base Management Systems
(a) Data and information concepts: bits, bytes, KB, MB, GB, TB
(b) Data organization and access
  Storage concepts : records, fields, grouped fields, special fields like date, integers, real, floating, fixed, double precision, logical, characters, strings, variable character fields (Memo); key, primary key, foreign key, secondary key, referential integrity, index fields.
  Storage techniques: sequential, block sequential, random, indexed, sequential access, direct access, random access including randomizing
  Logical structure and physical structure of files
(c) DBMS models and classification:
  Need for database, administration, models, DML and DDL (query and reporting); data dictionaries, distributed data bases, object oriented databases, client server databases, knowledge databases
(d) Backup and recovery – backup policy, backup schedules, offsite backups, recycling of backups, frequent checking of recovery of backup
(e) Usage of system software like program library management systems and tape and disk management systems – features, functionalities, advantages
(f) Data mining and data warehousing - an overview
3. Computer Networks & Network Security
(a) Networking concepts – need and scope, benefits
  Classification: LAN, MAN, WAN, VPN; peer-to-peer, client server
  Components - NIC, router, switch, hub, repeater, bridge, gateway, modem
  Network topologies – bus, star, ring, mesh, hybrid, architecture : token ring, ethernet
  transmission technologies and protocols – OSI, TCP/IP, ISDN etc.
  Network operating system
(b) Local Area Networks – components of a LAN, advantages of LAN
(c) Client server technology
  Limitation of single user systems and need for client server technology
  Servers – database, application, print servers, transaction servers, internet servers, mail servers, chat servers, IDS
  Introduction to 3-tier and “n” tier architecture (COM, COM+)
(d) Data centres: features and functions, primary delivery centre and disaster recovery site
(e) Network security need; threats and vulnerabilities; security levels; techniques
4. Internet and other technologies
(a) Internet and world-wide web, intranets, extranets, applications of internet, internet protocols
(b) E-commerce - nature, types (B2B, B2C, C2C), supply chain management, CRM, Electronic Data Interchange (EDI), Electronic Fund Transfers (EFT), payment portal, e-commerce security;
(c) Mobile commerce, bluetooth and Wi-Fi
5. Flowcharts, Decision Tables.

Section B: Strategic Management (50 marks)


(a) To develop an understanding of the general and competitive business environment;
(b) To develop an understanding of strategic management concepts and techniques;
(c) To be able to solve simple cases.


1. Business Environment
  General environment - demographic, socio-cultural, macro-economic, legal/political, technological, and global; competitive environment.
2. Business Policy and Strategic Management
  Meaning and nature; strategic management imperative; vision, mission and objectives; strategic levels in organisations.
3. Strategic Analyses
  Situational analysis – SWOT analysis, TOWS matrix, portfolio analysis - BCG matrix.
4. Strategic Planning
  Meaning, stages, alternatives, strategy formulation.
5. Formulation of Functional Strategy
  Marketing strategy, financial strategy, production strategy, logistics strategy, human resource strategy.
6. Strategy Implementation and Control
  Organisational structures; establishing strategic business units; establishing profit centers by business, product or service, market segment or customer; leadership and behavioural challenges.
7. Reaching Strategic Edge
  Business process re-engineering, benchmarking, total quality management, six sigma, contemporary strategic issues. back
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